Diabetes is a group of metabolic disorder or conditions in which the body does not have the ability to control the amount of sugar or glucose in the blood. This results to having high blood sugar or hyperglycemia. When you have high sugar level, either the pancreas does not secrete insulin or your cells do not respond to the insulin produced by the pancreas.
Some popular types of diabetes include type 1 where body fails to produce insulin, and type 2 resulting from insulin resistance, and gestational diabetes that develops in pregnant woman.
This article will be discussing about diabetes type 1 and type 2. They are chronic conditions that have no cure. The good news is that diabetes can be managed with proper diet and healthy lifestyle as well as medication.
Doctors have linked heredity to both type 1 and type 2 diabetes but they have also identified environmental triggering factors.
Diabetes type 1 is actually classified as an autoimmune disorder. However, there must be toxin or virus that activates the immune system to attack the pancreas and destroy the beta cells in the pancreas disabling it to produce insulin. This type destroys the beta cells that produce insulin. Thus diabetic patients need insulin. As an autoimmune disorder, diabetes type 1 manifests signs and symptoms similar with other autoimmune disorders like hyperthyroidism from Grave’s disease or with vitiligo as seen in the patchy decrease in the pigmentation of the skin.
Diabetes type 2 is strongly linked to genes. Lifestyle habits and diet are also some of the causes of type 2. There are many risk factors that contribute to diabetes type 2 such as hypertension, high blood triglycerides, gestational diabetes, high calorie and fat diet, alcohol intake, sedentary lifestyle, obesity and certain ethnicity such as African Americans, Native Americans, Hispanic Americans and Japanese Americans. Patients who are 45 to 65 years old are at higher risk of getting the disease.
Signs and symptoms
The common diabetes symptoms easily noticeable are weight loss, frequent urination, being thirsty most of the time, and increased hunger. Symptoms in diabetes type 1 develop rapidly while those in diabetes type 2 develop slowly. A blurred vision and the appearance of skin rashes are also signs that you may have the disease.
There is no known cure for diabetes but there are some ways to maintain blood sugar levels near the normal range.
These natural ways or alternative medicines to control blood sugar. Usually they involve diet and the incorporation of exercise in your daily chores which are usually combined with recommended medication.
- Lifestyle change such as stopping your smoking habit can help a lot. Be active and make your life less sedentary.
- Foods that increase your blood sugar levels should be avoided by sticking to a carbohydrate and calorie regulated meal plan.
- Exercise helps a lot in controlling or losing weight or reducing body fat, and also improves your body’s capability of producing insulin.